Dr. DoLL, Former Researcu Director. Removes To WASHINGTON STATE


s MS

The Training School Bulletin October. 1953




Ss. ROY HEATH, JR., Ph.D. pcateen fee ean |. THE VINELAND STUDY

In 1940 the writer made a study involving the relationship between mental and motor proficiency. This study was done at The Training School at Vineland under the supervision of Edgar A. Doll and H. Rob- ert Otness, the Director of Research and Chief Clinician respectively at that time.?- One hundred and seventy-seven high grade male ‘children’ at Vineland were tested on the Rail-Walking Test. a device requiring the subject to walk barefooted heel-to-toe on three wooden rails, in succes- sion four inches. two inches and one inch in width.? The individual scores on this test were related to the 1916 Stanford-Binet Test and etio- logical type.

As reported in 1942 (6) the Vineland investigation revealed two important findings when the familial (endogenous) and non-familial

(exogenous) groups were compared:

1. The familial group was superior in rail-walking performance to

the non-familial group.

2. In the familial group a significant positive relationship was found between mental age and Rail-Walking Test score (r .66 05): whereas no significant correlation for these two variables was

found for the non-familial group (r = 0 ~ 07).

1. This report is based on a dissertation in psychology presented to the Graduate Schoo! of Arts and Sciences of the University of Pennsylvania in partial fulfillment of the Ph.D. requirement. Appreciation is extended to Dr. Miles Murphy and other members of that Department for their supervision of this study.

2. Acknowledgment is due Dr. Doll and Dr. Otness for the assistance they generously pro- vided in furthering the completion of the Vineland study.

3. For description of apparatus, instruction for administration and male adult norms see Heath (7). Norms for children aves 6 through 14 years are obiainable from the writer o1 see Heath (9).


The Training School Bulletin October. 1953


The present experiment was performed with the cooperation of the staffs of the Wrentham State School. Wrentham, Massachusetts and the Mansfield Training School, Mansfield, Connecticut. The experiment was performed with two objectives in mind:°

1. To repeat the Vineland investigation, using a new popula- tion of high grade mentally retarded subjects.

2. To determine whether the findings for the Rail-Walking Test would hold true for other motor tests as well.

One hundred and thirty-two subjects were selected from the Wren- tham and Mansfield populations according to etiological diagnoses made by the medical staff of these two institutions for the mentally deficient. Nearly 1300 male cases were reviewed prior to the final selection of 80 familial and 52 non-familial subjects. Mental age status was determined by the 1916 Stanford-Binet Test administered by the psychological staff of the respective institutions. Table | compares the two etiological groups for the variables of mental and chronological age. For the pur- pose of further comparison, the Vineland study population was equated with the Wrentham-Mansfield experimental population for range of MA and CA, with results indicated in parentheses.


Comparison of the Etiologic Groups in the Experimental Population for the Factors of Mental Age and Chronologic Age (Vineland Equated Population in parentheses)

Etiological Group N Mean MA SD (MA) Mean CA SD (CA)

Familial 80 (53) 8.1 (8.5) Non-Familial 52 (40) 8.1 (8.5) I

ee €82 : i 5.6 (4.1) 2

8 me 2 €2ia 6.3 (6.0)

In addition to the Rail-Walking Test. seven other tests of simple motor performances were selected to form a motor test battery. Relia- bility, adaptability for mentally retarded subjects, quantative scoring and variety of motor acts represented were the maior criteria for inclu- sion in the battery. Table II outlines information pertinent to each test used.

4. The writer takes this opportunity to thank Dr. G. Stanley Raymond, Ruth Prouty and Robert MacLaclan of the Wrentham staff, and Dr. Neil A. Dayton, Miss Laura Gothberg and Mr. Peary Mixon of the Mansfield staff for their assistance during the collection of data for this experiment. The splendid hospitality extended is traditional among institu- tions for the mentally deficient.

5. Space requirements dictated omission of the review of the literature, discussion of etiological determination of cases for this experiment by the medical staffs an) many statistical tables. For these the reader is referred to the dissertation on file in ‘h« library of the University of Pennsylvania.


The Training School Bulletin



Peg Board

3. Standing High Jump


Punch Board

Rate of Manipulation

Finger Tapping



The Motor Test Batters


No. of feet walked on three rails of varying width, weighted for degree of difficulty.

Speed of placing 18 pegs in hoard, using preferred hand: best of two trials.

Height jumped over cross bar from line nine inches from bar. landing on both feet simultan- eously: best of two trials.

Speed of placing 15 rings over vertical rod with preferred hand: best of two trials.

Speed of piercing with hat pin paper placed under metal plate drilled in pattern of yy,” holes. Score is total time of left) and right hand trials.

Speed of placing 58 circular dises in form board using preferred hand; best of two trials.

No. of taps in three periods of

6” each with 4” rest: intervals. Trial given for each hand. Score is no. of taps combined from each trial registered by index finger on arm of Veeder counter.

Speed of turning 16 revolutions of turnbuckle screw using wrist motion. Score is combined time for best of two trials allowed for each hand.




Heath (8)

Heath (8)

Cowen and Pratt (3)

Van der Lugt (12)

Van der Lugt (12) Oseretsky (10)

Test Manual (1)

Crider (4)

Earle and Gaw (5)

Each subject was given the eight tests in a standard order arranged

to minimize fatigue of any one muscle group. Neither the writer nor his

testing assistants were aware of a given subject's etiologic status at the

time of testing.

Bb. Findings

Table III presents a comparison of the Vineland equated popula-

tion and the Wrentham-Marsfield exmerimental population on the Rail-

Walkine Test.

The Training School Bulletin October, 1953

4 Comparison of Rail-Walking Performance in Two Institutional Populations

Correlation with MA Etiologic Group N M SD r

Vineland Familial 53 76.7 10.6 62 = OB Wrentham-Mansfield Familial 80 80.0 37.0 as = BI Vineland Non-Familial 10 22 15.2 2a = Wrentham-Mansfield Non-Familial 52 13.1 24.4 As = 4

In both populations the familial group was significantly superior

(p < .OO1) to the non-familial group in mean test score.® Critical

ratios for the differences in mean score are 8.9 for the Vineland and 6.8 for the Wrentham-Mansfield population. With respect to the correlation between Rail-Walking Test score and mental age, both the Vineland and Wrentham-Mansfield populations exhibited a significantly higher corre-

lation in the familial group than in the non-familial group. Table IV offers the comparison of mean motor scores for the two etiologic groups on each of the eight tests.


Comparison of Mean Motor Test Scores for Two Etiological Groups Familial Non-Familial Difference

Motor Test M SD M S ; P . Rail-Walking 80.0 2. Standing High Jump 23.8

3. Rate of Manipulation 77.8 . Peg Board ah.d




pts. 3.1 24.4 pts. . © O01 in. 20. 2 pis. ae 001 sec, 4 3.3 sec. a < OO] sec, 56.: 4 sec, a fC 001 . Punch Board 72.6 sec. Bo 22.1 sec. 3. 001 . Rings-on-Rod 19.4 3.2 sec. ye 3.7 sec, Eh 001 . Turnbuckle 27.7 6.6 see. 29.2 9 sec. B 05 . Finger Tapping 113.3 23.4 taps 3.2 27.0 taps 02 > ©

_ wns NnIansSp>

The familial group surpasses the non-familial group in mean motor test score on six of the eight tests used. The difference between the two groups was significant at the .001 level of confidence for six of the eight tests and below the .05 level of confidence for the remaining two tests. Figure 1. illustrates graphically that the relationship between mo- tor test score and mental age is not uniform at each mental age level studied. On most of the motor tests there was found a positive but only moderate correlation between motor performance and Stanford-Binet mental age in both etiologic groups. But. as in the Vineland study. the Rail-Walking Test correlated highly with mental age in the familial

6. Probability values herein indicate level of confidence for obtaining a difference yreater than zero in favor of the familial group.


The Training School Bulletin October, 1953

Rail Walking Standing HighJump

Rare 4p Mani pulati r)



Punch Board



Turnbuckle Fr Finger Tapping reAS $, i

~—— = mane ve, - rea9 r=33 Bid a <F ar s P 4 sq


MA MA Figure |

Motor Test Score as Related to Mental Aqe & Etiologie Type

Key: ——————_Fa mi ial Non Familial


The Training School! Bulletin October. 1953

group and only slightly in the non-familial group. The Standing High Jump Test was the only other test to approach this relationship to men- tal age. C. Discussion

From the findings of the motor tests used in this study there is the suggestion that the motor test that shows the greater difference in its behavior when applied to the familial and non-familial group will be the one which requires the more complex action pattern.’ By com- plex the writer means specifically the pattern of movement which re- quires the coordination of several sense modalities for proper execution of the test. Performances such as rail-walking, high jumping and walk- ing along a table while manipulating discs all involve the coordination of three sense fields, viz., vision. kinesthesis and equilibrium. The Peg Board, Rings-on-Rod, and Punch Board are performed in sitting posi-

tion and require vision as well as kinesthesis for proper perceptual dis- crimination. The remaining two tests, the Turnbuckle and Finger Tapping, require primarily kinesthesis with vision playing presumably

an insignificant role except in the preparatory movements.

Although the evidence from this particular study is by no means conclusive, the hypothesis is offered that the Rail-Walking Test differs from some of the other motor tests primarily in that it requires for sat- isfactory performance the coordination of a greater number of sense fields. The non-familial cases. compared to the familial cases. would then be seen as having particular difficulty in coordinating impulses arriving from the disparate sense fields. Further research with better control of some of these variables should shed more light on this problem.

The findings raise the question of how closely related are the Rail- Walking and Standing High Jump Tests. They bore together a similar relationship to mental age and in contrast to the other six tests. They are the only non-timed tests in the battery: also they involve greater participation of the whole body. particularly the lower extremities. Con- sequently two analyses of the data were performed to clarify the nature of these two tests. Beta coefficients for all the motor tests used as a battery to predict mental age for the two etiologic groups were calcu- lated. Also a factor analysis of each of the matrices of test intercor- 7. Sloan (11) in his adaptation of the Oseretsky test saw complexity of the motor act as the differentiating factor between normals and defectives. Using manipulative dexterity tests, Cantor and Stacey (2) found their borderline defectives surpassing the duller defec- tives in the complex tasks in particular. It should be noted that in both these s‘udies no

defectives of known pathological etiology were used; all were classified as either familial or undifferentiated types.


The Training School Bulletin October. 1953

relations (including Stanford-Binet) for both etiologic 2TOUPS Was performed. 8

Twe clear results emerged from the analyses of the correlatioiia! data:

1. Compared with all the other motor tests ibe Rai! Walking Test bore a unique relation to mental age. The Beta we'vhts a: a pre-

dictor of mental age were +.67 for the familial group and + .07 for the non-familial group. No other test approached this extreme difference in Beta weights.

Key Familial Non-Familiai

al Walking igh Jump

Manipulation Peg Board Punch Board Rings onRod Turnbuckle

Finger Tapping Stanford Binet

Figure 2

Factor Analysis of Eight Motor Tests & Stanford Binet

s. The writer is indebted to Dr. Malcolm Preston of the Psycholo University of Pennsylvania for supplying the multiple correlations computations used in this study.

ry Department of th and factor analysis


The Training School Bulletin October, 1953

2. In the factor analyses Figure 2 illustrates geometrically the high correlation of the Rail-Walking Test with Factor IT of the fam- ilial group (.77) and the low correlation with Factor IT of the ron- familial group (.22). It will be noted that Factor II is the factor closely identified with the mental age factor in both etiologic groups. No other test approached this extreme difference between the two etiologic groups in the loading with Factor IT.

In contrast with the other seven motor tests and the Stanford- Binet Test. the Rail-Walking Test exhibited a radical difference in factorial composition in the common factor plane in the two etiologic groups. This test in the familial group correlated only .18 with itself in the non-familial group in respect to the common factors extracted in the factor analyses. The Standing High Jump Test correlated .95 with itself in this instance. Other than the Rail-Walking Test. no test corre- lated lower than .74. This clearly indicates that the Rail-Walking Test is quite a different test for the familial group than it is for the non-

familial group.

D. Conclusions

1. The findings of the Vineland Rail-Walking Test study are ‘ontirmed.

2. The familial group is superior to the non-familial group in nost motor performances,

4. In contrast to the seven other motor tests studied the Rail- Walking Test bears a unique relationship to the mental age factor. Also what this test measures in the familial group is quite different from what it measures in the non-familial group.

|. Within the framework of this study, the distinction be- tween the familial and non-familial group appears to be psychologic-

ally valid.


The Training School Bulletin October. 1953

BIBLIOGRAPHY Betts, G. L. (Ed.) Minnesota Rate of Manipulation Test. Minneapolis: Edu- cational Test Bureau, 1946, 1-15.

Cantor. G, N., and Sracey, C. L. Manipulative dexterity in mental defectives. Amer. J. Ment. Def., 1951, 56, 401-410.

Cowan, E. A., and Prarr. B. M. The hurdle jump as a developmental and diagnostic test of motor coordination. Child Develpm.. 1934, 5, 107-121.

Criper, B. A new tapping test. Child Develpm., 1940, 11, 69-70.

Earte, F. M. and Gaw. F. Measurement of manual dexterity. Natl. Ins. Ind. Psychol., Report No. 4, 1930,

Heatu. S. R., Jr. Rail-walking performance as :elated to mental age and etio- logical type among the mentally retarded. Amer. J. Psychol... 1942, 55. 240-247.

Hearn, S. R., Jr. Clinical significance of motor defect, with military implica- tions. Amer. J. Psychol., 1944, 57, 482-499,

Hearn, S. R., Jr. Reliability of the rail-walking, peg board and standing high jump tests among feebleminded subjects, 1948, unpublished.

Hearn, S. R., Jr. The rail-walking test: preliminary maturational norms for boys and girls. Motor Skills Res. Exch.. 1949, 1, 34-36.

Oseretsky, N. I. Psychomotorik. Beik. Z. f. angew. Psychol.. 1931, 17, 1-162.

Sroan, W. Motor proficiency and intelligence. Amer. J. Ment. Def... 1951, 55. 394-406.

Van per Luct, M. J. A. Adult Psychomotor Test Series for the Measurement of Manual Ability. 1948, published by the author.

the Training School Bulletin October, 1953


To expand the program of diag- noses and treatment of speech de- fects in children enrolled at The Training School, Vineland. Dr. Bernard B. Schlanger. speech pa- thologist from the University of Wisconsin, has been added to the Education Staff this year. The an- nouncement was made by Dr. Walter Jacob, director of The Training School.

Dr. Schlanger will serve in the speech division and will be assisted by Robert Gottsleben. speech therapist, who has served in this division for the past two years. Dr. Harold A. Delp is head

Dr. Bernard B. Schlanger of the Education Department.

Experienced in clinical, educational, and research phases of speech

pathology, Dr. Schlanger took his undergraduate work at the University of Wisconsin and earned his Ph.D. there in speech pathology and edu- cation. During the past fourteen years he has had wide experience in the speech, drama, and radio fields. He has held positions on the instruc- tion staffs at Purdue University. Marietta College, Brooklyn College and with the National Broadcasting Company. He served in the Army from 1942 to 1946 and spent 114 years overseas with the Signal Corps.

Before coming to Vineland, Dr. Schlanger was speech pathologist for the Division of Mental Hygiene in the State of Wisconsin and served as research associate of the Psychiatric Institute at the Univer- sity of WiSconsin’s general hospital. He is a native of Newark. N. J. and received his early education there.

Mrs. Schlanger also received her master’s degree from the Univer- sity of Wisconsin and was a speech therapist and instructor there. She. too, taught at Brooklyn College and Marietta. The Schlangers have two children, Harley, aged 4, and Larry. aged 2.


The Training School Bulletin October, 1953


Summer recreation activities at The Training School were in full swing during June, July, and August with added staff members assisting the regular personnel. Boat excursions, trips to baseball games in Phil- adelphia, outings to beaches and parks. swim meets. camping trips, picnics, birthday and cottage parties have been features.

Additional staff members included: Arthur Factor of Tufts College at Medford, Mass., Mary Ann Martz. of the State Teachers College at Bloomsburg, Pa., and Nancy Florence of Maryville College in Tennes- see, Marilyn Gravink of Clymer, \. Y.. who has been employed as girls’ counselor on a year-round basis. also assisted in the summer program. She is a graduate of Houghton College at Houghton. N. Y., with a Mas- ters degree from Boston University.

Among the recreational activities were the daily outings to Camp Mento, a day camp of the School, located near Menantico Colony. Groups of children from different cottages. numbering ten to sixteen al a time, were taken to the camp by bus under the supervision of Mrs. Elizabeth McCarthy, Mrs. Walter Gregg, and Frank Gudelaskas of the educational staff. During these all day outings. the children were served luncheons and dinners in the camp's “Cooketeria”. The boys’ play ac- tivities included swimming, horseshoes, softball, baseball, tours to Mill- ville Airport, as well as hikes and bus trips to other points of interest in South Jersey. The girls’ program included swimming in the Menan- tico pool. singing, playing games, treasure hunting, berry picking, hikes, and bus trips to Millville Airport and other nearby landmarks.

One event was a swim meet, arranged and supervised by Arthur Factor, boys’ recreational leader. His duties included not only swimming instruction, but improving the skill of those children already able to swim and alleviating the fear of water among the smaller boys. There were prizes for the winners and treats for all participants.

About 200 boys, in groups of fifty at a time, attended four baseball games in Philadelphia. Accompanied by Arthur Factor and Joseph France, school recreation supervisor, they made the trips by bus and private cars. The boys enjoyed hot dogs and soft drinks at the games, to say nothing of the traditional peanuts.


at. 2

The Training School Bulletin October. 195:

In August, seventeen boys from the Craven Cottage went on a boat trip to Riverview Beach. They boarded the steamer “Delaware Belle” of the Wilson Line in Philadelphia. where lunch and soft drinks were served to them. They enjoyed the tour amusements provided by the park authorities and returned to Philadelphia on SS “City of Washington”, taking a late bus to Vineland. Mrs. Frieda Bryant. the Craven house-

mother, arranged the excursion and was in charge.

During the summer months. numerous activities were arranged for The Training School Boy Scouts. Explorers. and Cubs. including over- night camping trips on weekends. hikes to nearby points of interest.

wiener roasts and cookouts in the grove.

One of the main events in mid-August was a picnic at the Menan- tico Colony for the cannery and store employees as well as the boys and girls assisting part-time in these departments. Miss Kay Piccine. acting dietitian. and Fred Rice of the cannery staff headed the picnic com- mittee.

On several occasions. Mrs. Lillian Stevenson, Tyler Cottage house- mother, took groups of girls on trips to Atlantic City where they en- joyed shopping along the boardwalk and _ seeing the Steel Pier attrac- tions.

Other members of the cottage staff. during the summer. took groups of boys and girls to Atlantic City. Ocean City, and Camp Kimble.

In addition to several children’s birthday parties in their own cot- tages, two large parties were arranged in the Branson Cottage by Miss Clara Meiser and Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Freitag. There were also special parties at many of the other cottages during the summer. Other activi- ties of the season included a series of scheduled games on the school grounds—baseball, basketball, softball, dodge ball, hopscotch —as well as daily walks, story reading. and swimming lessons.


The Training School Bulletin October, 1953


More than 300 officials and friends of The Training School paid tribute to 15 employees with continuous service ranging up to 55 years

at a dinner held on September 9th in Garrison Hall.

PERMANENT TRIBUTE—A portrait of C. Emerson (Ted) Nash, late superintendent of The Training School, was presented to the school at the “Old Friends” dinner on September 9th. Judge Francis A. Stanger (right) of the Board of Trustees, made the presentation in behalf of employees and friends. Dr. Walter Jacob, director, accepted the portrait which will be hung permanently in Garrison Hall.

As an added highlight to the affair. the school was the recipient of a portrait of the late C. Emerson (Ted) Nash, who died last March af-

ter serving for 30 years as school superintendent.

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The Training School Bulletin October, 1953

The presentation was made by former Judge Francis A. Stanger on behalf of the school’s Board of Trustees and friends. The portrait was received by Dr. Walter Jacob, director of the school. who had charge of the program.

Eloquent tribute to Mr. Nash, described as a “leader of men, lover of children and friend to all,” was given in an address by former Judge Stanger, a member of the Board of Trustees.

A hushed audience heard a brilliant summary of the deceased su- perintendent’s “warm friendship, Christian character and willingness to devote the fullness of years to the service of others”.

Dr. Jacob presented the honor guests each of whom received a plaque in recognition of devoted service to the school in various capa- cities.

Those receiving the awards included: Mrs. Alice M. Nash, widow of the superintendent, who came to the school as a teacher in 1900. She has also served as director of education and is now the educational consultant.

Miss Nellie Starkey, official pianist at the school since 1906.

Hugh Kelly, band director, a member of the staff since 1910. De- veloped outstanding bands year after year.

Mrs. Elizabeth Hetzel, who first worked in the hospital and later became a permanent member of the teaching staff in the Home Fco- nomics Department. She first came to the school with her late husband in 1912,

Fred Rice, who first came to the school in 1912 and since 1918 has supervised the canning and preserving of farm products.

John Bailey, electrician at the school since 1914.

John Bradway, who first came to the school in 1911 and helped form the Menantico Colony in 1913. He has worked at The Training School permanently since 1925.

Abraham Freitag, a member of the maintenance department for 21 years and one of the cottage staff for the past nine years. He came to the school in 1923.

Miss Lillian Hess, of the cottage staff. has been a constant com- panion of the children since 1924.

Mrs. Rose Jordan, a housekeeper and cottage staff member, who

also has had 29 years of service.


The Training Schoo! Bulletin October. 1955

Angelo Perri, colony supervisor at Menantico Colony. who joined The Training School in 1924.

Mrs. Frieda Bryant. house parent for the cottage staff since 1927 when she came to The Training School with her husband, who is now deceased.

Thomas Kershner, active in fruit-raising and poultry work. He joined the staff in 1928.

Dr. Jacob described the group as “people who do the substantial work, those who have been here long enough for everyone to lean on”.

Renewed hope for a gymnasium on the site where Garrison Hall now stands was expressed by Mrs. Nash following her acknowledgment of the honor bestowed upon the employees.

Reminiscing briefly upon her fond memories of Garrison Hall. Mrs. Nash told how she, with her late husband and the late Prof. Ed- ward Johnstone, whom she called the “Three Musketeers”. had long cherished the hope that a gymnasium could be erected.

In response, Dr. Jacob said that a sum of money has been set aside for that purpose and expressed a personal wish that the last of the “musketeers”. Mrs. Nash, would attend the cornerstone laying of the building.

Greetings from the Board of Visitors were given by Mrs. W. Howard Sharp, secretary of the board, in the absence of Mrs. C. F. Synnott, President.

In a letter of congratulations to the honored employees. Bayard L. England, president of the Board of Trustees, expressed regret that he was unable to attend the dinner.

Howard Melvin, treasurer of the Board of Trustees. attended. Other guests introduced included: Mr. and Mrs. Morris Feld of New York; Albert C. Strang, Mrs. J. Paul Heritage. Sen. and Mrs. W. Howard Sharp, Mrs. A. Virginia Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Hugo H. Feneli. Dr. and Mrs. Edgar A. Doll, Mrs. Myron Sharp, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Klauminzer, Mr. and Mrs. J. Robert Werry. Mrs. Arthur J. Werry. Mr. and Mrs. Jack MacDonald. Miss Emma Lap». Mrs. Ina Barry, Burt Flls. John Schnei- der, Mrs. F. A. Stanger, Mis. Calvin J. Felton, Mrs. N. Vance Johnston. and the following wives of the honored guests: Mrs. Abraham Freitag. Mrs. John Bailey, Mrs. Thomas Kershner and Mrs. Angelo Perri.

Daniel F. Graham, superintendent, read greetings from Bayard L. England, president of the board: Joseph H. McConnell. also a board

The Training School Bulletin October, 1953

member: Mrs. Henrietta Calcott of the Board of Visitors; Richard Thomson, president of the Parents’ Association and M. Murray Stern- berg, secretary of the Vineland Chamber of Commerce.

Songs were led by J. Robert Weryy. Salvatore Scarpa rendered accordion selections. The invocation was by the Rev. Calvin J. Felton, pastor of the Pilgrim Congregational Church, and the benediction by the Rev. N. Vance Johnston, pastor of the First Baptist Church.

The tables were decorated with flowers grown at the school with arrangements by Mrs. MacDonald and Mrs. Nash.

Reprinted from the Vineland Times Journal Issue of S'eptember 10, 1953

The Training Sehool Bulletin October. 1953


Dr. Edgar A. Doll. director of research at The Training School for more than a quarter of a century. removed with his family from Vineland in mid-September to make his home in Bellingham, Washing-

ion. He will inaugurate a new public school program for exceptional

children at Bellingham.

Dr. Doll has resided in Vineland since 1912. when he came to The Training School to work under Dr. Edward R. Johnstone. director of the school and Dr. Henry H. Goddard. chief of research. A decade later Dr. Doll assumed charge of the research activities at the institution and continued in that post until his retirement in 1949,

After his official retirement. Dr. Doll served for a year as a special consultant on mental health and behavior problems for the Vineland public schools, after which he directed research at the Devereux Schools in Devon, Pa.

At Bellingham, where the state of Washington contributes toward financing special public school instruction for exceptional youngsters. Dr. Doll will have special courses for the deaf. blind. victims of cere- bral palsy and other handicapped children. for children called “slow learners” as well as for pupils regarded by their teachers as exception- ally gifted. In addition. he will institute a system to deal with behavior problems among the pupils. He will be putting into practice many of the theories which were developed among the pupils at The Training School and which made his name a familiar one among mental health re- -carchers throughout the world.

A graduate of Cornell University in 1912. Dr. Doll received his master’s degree in pedagogy from New York University in 1916 and was awarded his doctorate by Princeton University four years later.

Since his retirement from the staff of The Training School. he has heen working on a book entitled. “Measurement of Social Competence”. the first copies of which have been printed in recent weeks.

And even in this project Vineland will be publicized through Dr. Doll. just as it was through his work at The Training School. The book. which includes and explains the well-known Vineland Social Maturity Scale (measuring social competence of humans from birth to death) is dedicated to Dr. Doll’s long-time friend. the late Dr. Johnstone. director of The Training School for almost half a century.


The Training School Bulletin October, 1953


Fruits and vegetables grown at The Training School at Vineland and at Menantico farm colony received First Prizes and three Second Prizes at the Cumberland County Fair. held in mid-September. Henry Renne is farm supervisor at the school. and Angelo Perri is farm fore- man at the colony.

First Prizes: Onions, carrots, Rutgers tomatoes. watermelon, squash. MacIntosh apples. Baldwin apples, Winesap apples. Second Prizes: Red Delicious apples. Stayman apples, Grimes Golden apples.

The display booth for The Training School, which received a Spe- cial Award Ribbon, was set up by Mr. Renne with the assistance of farm boys and other employees. “The Village of Happiness” was spelled out in a vegetable arrangement in front of a huge air-view picture of the school grounds. Baskets of fresh-cut flowers were banked in front of the display.

In another part of the fair grounds, Training School Girl Scouts had a display of dolls in a gold box setting as part of the county Girl Scout exhibit. This display was arranged by Mrs. Elizabeth McCarthy, troop leader at the school.

The Training School Bulletin —- October. 1953



More than 100 guests. including staff members and children from other cottages, attended the Ist Anniversary Tea held at Johnstone Cot tage on October 1. Under the supervision of Mrs. Mamie Dessin. house mother, the girls of the cottage prepared the small sandwiches, cookies, punch, as well as the tea and coffee served at the affair. They also pre- sided at the tea table and received the guests. The cottage had been attractively decorated with fall flowers for the event. The “open house’. in commemoration of the opening of the cottage one year ago. lasted from 2:00 to 9:00 p. m.

GIRL SCOUTS TOUR ZOO Accompanied by Mrs. Elizabeth McCarthy. Mrs. Walter Grege. and Miss Emma Bernsky. 34 Girl Scouts from The Training School troop enjoyed a trip to the Philadelphia Zoo on October 3rd. It proved to be a most enjoyable event, with box lunch at noon and _ ice cream in the

late afternoon before leaving the zoo grounds for Vineland. Even “animal” crackers were provided for the return trip.

According to the girls. they saw every bird, reptile. and animal in the zoo but “enjoyed the baby monkeys most”.


Dr. Harold A. Delp, coordinator of educational activities, has been named committee chairman of School Psychological Services for the Mentally Retarded, Division of School Psychology, American Psycho- logical Association.

Dr. Karl F. Heiser, director of research. has been named chairman of the Audio-Visual Committee to serve at the AAMD national conven- tion in Atlantic City in May, 1954.

Douglas D. Johnstone. supervisor of property, has been named chairman of the Educational Exhibits Committee for the 1954 AAMD

national convention.